Thursday, September 17, 2009

Volcanoes>Submarine Volcano Of Indonesia

Submarine volcano is common feature of volcano on the ocean floor.In Indonesia archipelago there are about 5 submarine volcanoes.These volcanoes has been published officially by vulcanologists of Indonesia.

1)SUBMARINE VOLCANO BANUA WUHU > Sangir
Located in archipelago Sangir. High of volcano over than 400 m above base sea level. According to published historical data, after eruption,an island appeared on sea with high 90 m in 1835, then in 1848 there were only some volcanic hills left, and in Juli 1894 there was visible land with high 50 m above sea level. In 1919 again... a new Island 70 m in length and 12 m in high appeared above sea level, and then disappeared again from above sea level in May 1935. Other name of this
Submarine volcano is Banua Buaya.

2)SUBMARINE VOLCANO SUBMARINE 1922 > Banda
This volcano located in Sulawesi Sea, northern side of archipelago Sangir Talaud. This is A type volcano,and according to published eruption historical data: the eruption of this volcano was known occurred in 1922. Since then, no further information related to the eruption of this submarine volcano.

3)SUBMARINE VOLCANO NIEUWERKERK
Located in northern side of Banda Ocean. The volcano consisted of Two peaks separated by saddle 600 m in depth. First peak is over 1.900 m from above base sea level and the second one is over 1.800 m from basesea level. The magmatic activity of the volcano has been knew before 1893 and in September 24, 1925, and perhaps in February or March 1927.

OTHER TWO SUBMARINE VOLCANOES OF INDONESIA

1)SUBMARINE VOLCANO EMPEROR OF CHINA
Volcano Elevation m:-2,850.Volcano Classification: B-Type Volcano Volcano Location :Banda Sea.Further Location Info:The Banda Sea in the south of the Molucca
archipelago includes a small group of islands. Three major tectonic plates beneath the sea, Eurasian, Pacific and Indo-Australian plates, have been converging
since the Mesozoic epoch.

2)SUBMARINE VOLCANO YERSEY
Volcano Elevation m:-3,800.Volcano Classification:B-Type Volcano Volcano Location: Lesser Sunda Islands.Further Location Info:The Lesser Sunda Islands is a small archipelago stretching from west to east, consists of Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba and the Timor islands; all are located at the edge of the Australian continental shelf. Volcanoes in the area are formed because of oceanic crusts and the movement of the shelf itself.Some volcanoes completely form an island, for instance, the Sangeang Api island.

SPECIAL NOTE:
Catalog of the Active Volcanoes of the World including solfatara fields classified Emperor of China as A-type volcano.Some other sources also classified this volcano as A-type.But according to DATA DASAR GUNUNG API INDONESIA published by Indonesia Government side, the eruption data of Emperor of China was doubtful.It's was very look like to eruption data of volcano Nieuwerkerk.Therefore my related posting to volcano Emperor of China classified it's type as B-type volcano.

Main Source:
1)DATA DASAR GUNUNG API INDONESIA

TOP VOLCANOES CLIMBING TREKKING HIKING DESTINATION BY VISOTORS

RECENT POPULAR VOLCANOES BY VISITORS