Monday, May 24, 2010

VOLCANO INVENTORY> VOLCANO OF BANDA SEA - INDONESIA

The Banda Sea in the south of the Molucca archipelago includes a small group of islands. Three major tectonic plates beneath the sea, Eurasian, Pacific and Indo-Australian plates, have been converging since the Mesozoic epoch.This sea is home of about 9 volcanoes, consist of 7 A-type volcanoes, and 2 B-type volcanoes.

1.VOLCANO NIEUWERKERK
This is a submarine volcano (volcano under sea water lavel)

2)VOLCANO WURLALI
Located in Damar island Banda Sea, Maluku. This is a volcanic island consisting of old volcano creating a caldera 5 km in widht.Hight of volcano 868 m above sea level.On this volcanic island appeared active volcano Wurlali with it's twin craters.The volcano is starto and classified as A type volcano. Hiking to the peak can be done from village Keli on western side of the island, direct to northern side of the village to ward caldera and solfatar field.It's took only 2 hours hiking to reach the peak.

3)VOLCANO SERAWERA
Located in Teon Island,Bamda Ocean, Maluku. Hight of volcano 655 m above sea level. This is volcanic island created mostly by lava flow.The volcano is starto and clasified as A type volcano. Other name of the volcano is Teon.

4)VOLCANO LAWORKAWRA
Located in Nila Island,Bamda Ocean, Maluku. Hight of volcano 781 m above sea level.The volcano is starto and classified as A type volcano. Other name of the volcano are Kokon and Lina.Peak can be accessed by hiking from Wotai

5)VOLCANO LEGATALA
Located in Serua Island,Banda Ocean, Maluku. Hight of volcano 641 m above sea level.The volcano is starto with lavadome and classified as A type volcano. Other name of the volcano are Serua and Sorek.

6)VOLCANO BANDA API
Located in an Island Banda Ocean, Maluku. Hight of volcano 625 m above sea level.The volcano is starto in caldera and classified as A type volcano. Other name of the volcano is Api. The peak zone of this volcano can be accessed by hiking from north side of it's slope for 1 hour of hiking.

7)VOLCANO WETAR
Located in Banda Ocean, Maluku. Hight of volcano 282 m and 5000 m above base of sea level. above sea level.This volcanic island mostly created by lava flow.The volcano is starto in caldera and classified as A type volcano.To visit this volcano, it's needed to hire sea boat from Wetar.Bad weather included heavy wave is the big problem for visitors. No data regarding visitor to this volcano.

OTHER VOLCANO OF BANDA SEA:
Volcano Emperor of China and Manuk are two volcanoes classified as B type volcanoes.

SPECIAL NOTE:
Catalog of the Active Volcanoes of the World including solfatar fields classified Emperor of China as A-type volcano.Some other sources included Global Volcanism Program also classified this volcano as A-type.But according to DATA DASAR GUNUNG API INDONESIA published by Indonesia Government side, the eruption data of Emperor of China was doubtful.It's was similar to eruption data of volcano Nieuwerkerk.
Therefore, related posting to volcano Emperor of China at this page classified it's type as B type.

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